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Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is effective for many psychological problems, is supported by in depth clinical research, and is well received by many individuals. Our psychologists are all trained to provide a variety of therapies—including CBT. Contact us for more information or to book an appointment with a CBT focus.

Mental disorders can negatively affect the quality of life for individuals as well as their families. Many of these disorders (including depression, anxiety, and alcohol problems) have been shown to respond well to CBT.

CBT is a psychological treatment that addresses the interactions between how we think, feel and behave. CBT is a process of teaching, coaching, and reinforcing positive behaviours. CBT helps people to identify cognitive patterns or thoughts and emotions that are linked with behaviours. It is usually time-limited (approximately 10-20 sessions), focuses on current problems and follows a structured style of intervention.

CBT typically involves:

  • Helping the person in treatment to establish daily activities to provide structure and direction in graduated steps
  • Encouraging the person to identify and challenge negative thoughts and assumptions characteristic of their depression and/or anxiety and to consider evidence for more realistic views of their experience
  • Helping the person shift focus away from physical symptoms and negative mood associated with depression and/or anxiety
  • Helping the person return to a routine of pleasurable and productive activities, on a scheduled basis.

What common symptoms does CBT use to treat?

  • Depression
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Panic Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Specific Phobias
  • Social Anxiety Disorder
  • Schizophrenia & Psychosis
  • Eating disorders
  • Bipolar-Disorder
  • Substance Abuse

Reference
Adapted from:
Somers, Julian & Querée, Matthew (2007)
 “The Core information document on cognitive-behavioural therapy was developed by the Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction (CARMHA) at Simon Fraser University under the direction of the Mental Health and Addiction Branch, Ministry of Health”
Available also on the Internet. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy [electronic resource]
ISBN 0-7726-5598-7

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